Although fairly common, not a great deal is known about Rosacea. It usually occurs on the face and starts with a red flush. As the condition progresses other symptoms begin to develop and these can include redness, burning and stinging, spots and small blood vessels on the skin becoming more visible. In some more extreme cases, the skin around the nose can thicken and enlarge. The condition affects one in 10 people and usually those with fair skin are more prone to it. It typically begins after the age of 30 and though both men and women can be affected it tends to be more prevalent in women around menopausal age.
It is not clearly understood what causes it, but there are many theories. A common view is that it is a vascular disorder because symptoms include flushing, redness and visible blood vessels. Others believe that the nervous system may be a trigger as rosacea can appear at times of emotional stress. Some believe that the swelling is caused by increased blood flow during flushing that increases the tissue fluid, making it accumulate faster than the lymphatic system can manage. The presence of a microscopic mite called Demodex Folliculorum has also been considered to contribute to rosacea. Though normally present in human skin, where it consumes cast-off cells, rosacea patients have been found to have a significantly higher number of these mites present.
There is no known cure for rosacea but for patients that have been struggling with the condition for some time skin peels have proven to help. A compound of chemicals, skin peels can be tailored to the exact condition that the patient is treating. They encourage the regeneration and growth of new skin and the production of collagen and elastin. After a few days, patients notice an improvement in the condition of their skin. The symptoms of rosacea are greatly reduced.